Two-humped camel

name, interesting facts, photo

One of the amazing animals on our earth is the camel. He is curious not only about his appearance, but also about his way of life. Therefore, many are interested to know the name of the two-humped camel and entertaining facts related to it. 

To begin with, it is worth learning that this animal is domestic and wild. The homeland of two-humped camels is considered to be Mongolia. There, this wild animal is known as "haptagai". The domestic double-humped camel is called "Bactrian". This animal received this name in honor of the ancient region of Bactiria, it was located in Central Asia. This species is the largest of the camel family.

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Appearance

This animal is so unusual that it is impossible to confuse it with other mammals. Bactrian or two-humped camel, the photo of which is offered below, is quite large and weighs an average of 500 kilograms. But often there are more weighty individuals. If you measure the animal at the withers, it will exceed two meters, and if you take the growth together with the humps, it can reach 2.7 m.

The animal has a long bent neck and lanky legs. Instead of hooves, there are split feet and wide calloused pads. In addition, each leg has outgrowths that resemble a claw.

Also, the two-humped camel, whose name is bactrian, can have a different coloration from almost white to brown. The wool is quite thick and long, and is hollow inside to provide poor heat conduction. They also have an undercoat. Camels molt by summer, changing their coat. The old coat falls out quickly, and the animal can remain "naked" for a couple of weeks until the new coat grows.

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The hump of an animal

The humps are of greatest interest. They can be of different shapes, which often depends on the condition of the camel. For example, if the animal is hungry, the humps may hang down, but when the animal is full, they recover and rise again. This is explained by the fact that in these "bags" there is fat (about 150 kg in total), which is a reserve of nutrition for the body. Also, these growths serve as heat insulators for the animal. In addition, the two-humped camel Bactrian is a convenient transport, as the distance between his "bags" is about 30 centimeters, which is enough to fit an adult person.

The rutting period

At two years of age, females are ready to have offspring. Male camels become sexually mature by the age of five. The rutting period occurs in the fall. It is not uncommon for owners to tether males at this time, as they become dangerous to surrounding animals and humans. They attack rivals, rush, roar and foam. If the male is dominant, he keeps the females in one place, not allowing them to disperse. Camels often fight during this period. Even calm animals become ferocious during the mating season.

They use their powerful neck, trying to pin the opponent to the ground, use fangs, grabbing legs and throat, kicking the enemy. In this case, if the owner does not disperse the camels, serious injuries and even death for the weak male are possible. During the rutting season, haptagai can become dangerous to their domestic brethren. They are able to break into the pen to kill males and take away females. That is why herders take their animals to the mountains away from danger for these days. After mating, the female carries the offspring for 13 months.

Only one camel, which weighs no more than 45 kilograms, is born. Already two hours after birth, the baby is able to follow its mother on its own. Lactation is long, about a year and a half. But the camelback can chew as early as the third month. The female is able to give birth once in two years. At the age of 4 years, male camels gather in groups, over time, each of them organizes its own "harem".

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Amazing details

  • One individual can drink 200 liters of water at a time.
  • If an animal decides to rest or sleep, it cannot be forced to get up. It will only get up when it wants to. 
  • These herbivores can eat hard thorns without scratching their lips and mouths. 
  • The camel's nostrils are able to close when necessary (e.g., to keep moisture out or during sandstorms to keep sand from getting in).
  • If a hurricane starts in its territory of residence, the camel can remain in a recumbent, immobile state for several days. 
  • Each leg of the animal is capable of making "kicks" in four directions. 
  • They can do without water if they eat green plants (camels extract moisture from them). 
  • One of the defensive abilities is spitting. If you provoke a camel, it will pull up from the stomach an unpleasant mixture, with which it will "reward" the enemy. 
  • The fur of this animal has the ability to reflect rays, which allows him not to overheat during movements in the desert. 
  • They have an excellent memory, which helps not to get lost among the many dunes. 
  • Camels have sharp eyesight. The animal sees the movement in the desert in a kilometer from him. 
  • Olfaction allows the camel to survive, as it smells water sixty kilometers away. 
  • People use as food the fat that is in the "sacks" of the animal. It is suitable for frying and is valued above beef.

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